Spatial Control Charts for the Mean
- Journal of Quality Technology
- April 2013
- Volume 45 Issue 2
- pp. 130-148
- Grimshaw, Scott D., Blades, Natalie J., Miles, Michael, P.
- Brigham Young University, Provo, UT
Developments in metrology provide the opportunity to improve process monitoring by obtaining many measurements on each sampled unit. Increasing the number of measurements may increase the sensitivity of control charts to detection of flaws in local regions; however, the correlation between spatially proximal measurements may introduce redundancy and inefficiency in the text. This paper extends multivariate statistical process control to spatial-data monitoring by recognizing the spatial correlation between multiple measurements on the same item and replacing the sample covariance matrix with a parameterized covariance based on the semivariogram. The properties of this control chart for the means of a spatial process are explored with simulated data and the method is illustrated with an example using ultrasonic technology to obtain nondestructive measurements of bottle thickness.