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Multiple profiles sensor-based monitoring and anomaly detection

Multiple profiles sensor-based monitoring and anomaly detection

Journal of Quality Technology
November 2018
Volume 50 Issue 4
pp. 344-362
Zhang, Chen, Yan, Hao, Lee, Seungho, Shi, Jianjun


Generally, in an advanced manufacturing system hundreds of sensors are deployed to measure key process variables in real time. Thus it is desirable to develop methodologies to use real-time sensor data for on-line system condition monitoring and anomaly detection. However, there are several challenges in developing an effective process monitoring system: (i) data streams generated by multiple sensors are high-dimensional profiles; (ii) sensor signals are affected by noise due to system-inherent variations; (iii) signals of different sensors have cluster-wise features; and (iv) an anomaly may cause only sparse changes of sensor signals. To address these challenges, this article presents a real-time multiple profiles sensor-based process monitoring system, which includes the following modules: (i) preprocessing sensor signals to remove inherent variations and conduct profile alignments, (ii) using multichannel functional principal component analysis (MFPCA)–based methods to extract sensor features by considering cluster-wise between-sensor correlations, and (iii) constructing a monitoring scheme with the top-R strategy based on the extracted features, which has scalable detection power for different fault patterns. Finally, we implement and demonstrate the proposed framework using data from a real manufacturing system.

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