What is Leadership?
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Leadership is defined as the act of directing and managing a project, group of people, or an organization.
Leadership is not solely the responsibility of those who reside at the higher levels of the hierarchy. Instead, it’s an activity in which anyone who’s interested in the success of an organization can take part. Promoting employee involvement in leadership is an effective way to help build up a company’s success and morale.
There are two main types of leadership:
1. Operational Leadership
- Ensuring that organizational processes are effectively carried out on a day-to-day basis
- Monitoring performance
- Addressing constraints
- Ensuring that employees understand what is to be done and are provided with the authority, knowledge, and skills to do it
2. Strategic Leadership
- Define the overall vision and mission of an organization
- Develop strategies, systems, and structures to achieve the vision and mission
- Create both technical and social systems that are effectively integrated, and which address the needs of both customers and employees
"Managing" and "leading"—dual activities required to run an organization—are both valuable and necessary, but they differ significantly.
Managers make sure the work gets done; leaders make sure the work gets done differently and better. Managers work within an existing paradigm; leaders help a group of people move from one paradigm to another. Managers focus on doing things right; leaders focus on doing the right things. Managers work hard to maintain improvements; leaders work hard to create improvements. Managers manage processes; leaders lead and develop people.
Organizations need excellent managers as well as excellent leaders. Improvements that aren’t sustained become worthless, and excellent processes that never improve become mediocre over time. In fact, most organizations need people who can both manage and lead. In many organizations the percentage of time spent on each activity, according to one’s role, loosely follows the pattern in Table 1.
Manager of Quality/Organizational Excellence Certification
The Certified Manager of Quality/Organizational Excellence is a professional and leader who:
- Leads and champions process-improvement initiatives
- Facilitates and leads team efforts to establish and monitor customer/supplier relations
- Supports strategic planning and deployment initiatives
- Helps develop measurement systems to determine organizational improvement
- Motivates and evaluates staff
- Manages projects and human resources
- Analyzes financial situations
- Determines and evaluates risk
- Employs knowledge management tools and techniques in resolving organizational challenges
Leadership Is Personal (PDF) ASQ’s Human Development & Leadership Division proposes that a leader should possess competence in six roles: navigator, communicator, mentor, learner, builder, and motivator.
Guiding Corporate Behavior: A Leadership Obligation, Not a Choice (PDF) Corporate leaders are recognizing the need to connect employees with their organizations’ visions and values, but traditional "hand off" and "hands off" methods of the past no longer suffice.
Leading for Quality: The Implications of Situational Leadership (PDF) The Hersey-Blanchard situational leadership model holds that when leaders are flexible and aware of critical situational factors, such as the ability and willingness of members to change, they will adopt an appropriate leadership style.