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Robustness with respect to class imbalance in artificial intelligence classification algorithms
  • Quality

Robustness with respect to class imbalance in artificial intelligence classification algorithms

Publication:
Journal of Quality Technology
Date:
November 2021
Issue:
Volume 53 Issue 5
Pages:
pp. 505-525
Author(s):
Lian, Jiayi, Freeman, Laura, Hong, Yili, Deng, Xinwei

Abstract

Artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms, such as deep learning and XGboost, are used in numerous applications including autonomous driving, manufacturing process optimization and medical diagnostics. The robustness of AI algorithms is of great interest as inaccurate prediction could result in safety concerns and limit the adoption of AI systems. In this paper, we propose a framework based on design of experiments to systematically investigate the robustness of AI classification algorithms. A robust classification algorithm is expected to have high accuracy and low variability under different application scenarios. The robustness can be affected by a wide range of factors such as the imbalance of class labels in the training dataset, the chosen prediction algorithm, the chosen dataset of the application, and a change of distribution in the training and test datasets. To investigate the robustness of AI classification algorithms, we conduct a comprehensive set of mixture experiments to collect prediction performance results. Then statistical analyses are conducted to understand how various factors affect the robustness of AI classification algorithms. We summarize our findings and provide suggestions to practitioners in AI applications.

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