Random sampling strategies for multivariate statistical process control to detect cyber-physical manufacturing attacks
- Quality Engineering
- April 2021
- Volume 33 Issue 2
- pp. 300-317
- Elhabashy, Ahmad E., Dastoorian, Romina, Wells, Lee J., Camelio, Jaime A.
The copyright of this article is not held by ASQ.
With the latest advances in computer and networking technologies, the threat of cyber-physical attacks against manufacturing systems is growing. Unlike traditional cyber-attacks, cyber-physical attacks are not limited to intellectual property theft and affect the physical world, which could be devastating to manufacturing, if they are undetected. Relying on traditional quality control to defend against these malicious attacks, manufacturers can choose to either closely monitor a large number of potential quality characteristics or only monitor a specific subset of the characteristics. However, the former choice may be impractical when a large number of potential characteristics exists, whereas the latter might be susceptible to an intelligently designed attack that targets unmonitored characteristics. Therefore, a novel random variable-selection approach that is both resilient to malicious cyber-physical attacks and sensitive to shifts over a small subset of characteristics is proposed in this work. Such an approach is based upon random sampling strategies when using multivariate Hotelling T2 control charts. To assess its usefulness, the proposed approach was compared to an established variable-selection method, using a simplified cost model. The obtained results show that the proposed approach is both cost-effective and well-suited for industrial applications where the number of quality characteristics to monitor is quite significant.