Analysis of Large Heterogeneous Repairable System Reliability Data With Static System Attributes and Dynamic Sensor Measurement in Big Data Environment
- May 2020
- Volume 62 Issue 2
- pp. 206-222
- Liu, Xiao, Pan, Rong
The copyright of this article is not held by ASQ.
In the age of Big Data, one pressing challenge facing engineers is to perform reliability analysis for a large fleet of heterogeneous repairable systems with covariates. In addition to static covariates, which include time-invariant system attributes such as nominal operating conditions, geo-locations, etc., the recent advances of sensing technologies have also made it possible to obtain dynamic sensor measurement of system operating and environmental conditions. As a common practice in the Big Data environment, the massive reliability data are typically stored in some distributed storage systems. Leveraging the power of modern statistical learning, this article investigates a statistical approach which integrates the random forests algorithm and the classical data analysis methodologies for repairable system reliability, such as the nonparametric estimator for the mean cumulative function and the parametric models based on the nonhomogeneous Poisson process. We show that the proposed approach effectively addresses some common challenges arising from practice, including system heterogeneity, covariate selection, model specification and data locality due to the distributed data storage. The large sample properties as well as the uniform consistency of the proposed estimator are established. Two numerical examples and a case study are presented to illustrate the application of the proposed approach. The strengths of the proposed approach are demonstrated by comparison studies. Datasets and computer code have been made available on GitHub.