An EWMA control chart for categorical processes with applications to social network monitoring
- Journal of Quality Technology
- April 2020
- Volume 52 Issue 2
- pp. 182-197
- Perry, Marcus B.
Statistical process monitoring (SPM) has traditionally been applied to manufacturing processes; however, more recent developments highlight its application to social networks. We propose a network monitoring strategy using the exponentially weighted moving average (EWMA) control chart, with the goal of detecting shifts in the hierarchical tendency of directed graphs over time. Such a strategy might prove useful to an organization’s stakeholders when interest lies in monitoring for shifts in the general health of the organization. Although development of the proposed control chart was motivated by a network monitoring problem, our method is generally applicable to multinomial categorical processes. We study the detection performance of our proposed control chart, relative to that of the multinomial cumulative sum (CUSUM) alternative. Results suggest that if the out-of-control shift in the multinomial probabilities cannot be specified a priori, the proposed EWMA control chart should be considered as an alternative to the CUSUM strategy. Application of the proposed method is demonstrated on a real data set, namely, the open-source Enron e-mail corpus.