A review of dispersion control charts for multivariate individual observations
- Quality Engineering
- February 2021
- Volume 33 Issue 1
- pp. 60-75
- Ajadi, Jimoh Olawale, Wang, Zezhong, Zwetsloot, Inez Maria
The copyright of this article is not held by ASQ.
A multivariate control chart is designed to monitor process parameters of multiple correlated quality characteristics. Often data on multivariate processes are collected as individual observations, i.e., as vectors one at a time. Various control charts have been proposed in the literature to monitor the covariance matrix of a process when individual observations are collected. In this study, we review the literature on control charts based on individual observations from multivariate continuous processes, where we find 30 relevant articles from the period 1987–2019. We group the articles into five categories. We observe that less research has been done on CUSUM, high-dimensional and non-parametric type control charts for monitoring the process covariance matrix. We describe each proposed method, state their advantages, and limitations. Finally, we give suggestions for future research.