Gain sharing: A reward system that shares the monetary results of productivity gains among owners and employees.
Gantt chart: A type of bar chart used in process planning and control to display planned work and finished work in relation to time.
Gap analysis: The comparison of a current condition to the desired state.
Gatekeeper: A timekeeper; in team meetings, a designated individual who helps in monitoring the team's use of allocated time.
Gage Repeatability & Reproducibility (GR&R): The evaluation of a gauging instrument's accuracy by determining whether the measurements taken with it are repeatable (there is close agreement among a number of consecutive measurements of the output for the same value of the input under the same operating conditions) and reproducible (there is close agreement among repeated measurements of the output for the same value of input made under the same operating conditions over a period of time).
Geometric dimensioning and tolerancing (GD&T): A method to minimize production costs by showing the dimensioning and tolerancing on a drawing while considering the functions or relationships of part features.
George M. Low Trophy: The trophy presented by NASA to those NASA aerospace industry contractors, subcontractors and suppliers that consistently maintain and improve the quality of their products and services. The award, which was formerly called the NASA Excellence Award for Quality and Productivity, is given in two categories: small business and large business. George M. Low was the NASA administrator for nearly three decades.
Goal: A broad statement describing a desired future condition or achievement without being specific about how much and when.
Golomski, William (deceased): ASQ past president and Honorary Member and president of W.A. Golomski and Associates, a technical and management consulting firm. He was an educator, consultant and author of more than 300 papers and 10 books. Golomski also co-founded the ASQ Food, Drug & Cosmetics Division, was founding editor of ASQ's Quality Management Journal and served on the initial judging panel for the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award. He developed quality systems in many industries.
Go/no-go: State of a unit or product. Two parameters are possible: go (conforms to specifications) and no-go (does not conform to specifications).
Good laboratory practices (GLP) or 21 CFR, part 58: 144 requirements that control the procedures and operations of toxicology laboratories.
Good manufacturing practices (GMP) or 21 CFR, parts 808, 812, and 820: Requirements governing the quality procedures of medical device manufacturers.
Grant, Eugene L.(deceased): Grant was part of a small team of professors assigned during World War II to introduce statistical quality control concepts to improve manufacturing production. He wrote many textbooks, including Principles of Engineering Economy and Statistical Quality Control, editions of which he co-authored with W. Grant Ireson and Richard S. Leavenworth. He was an ASQ Honorary Member and a professor of economics engineering at Stanford University.
Green Belt (GB): A business team leader responsible for managing projects and implementing improvement in his or her organization. An employee of an organization who has been trained on the improvement methodology of Six Sigma and will lead a process improvement or quality improvement team as part of his or her full-time job.
Group dynamic: The interaction (behavior) of individuals within a team meeting.
Groupthink: A situation in which critical information is withheld from the team because individual members censor or restrain themselves, either because they believe their concerns are not worth discussing or because they are afraid of confrontation.