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3.4 per Million: Understanding the Data

by Breyfogle, Forrest W. III

At the end of business quarters, many people spend precious time and effort preparing to satisfy management’s need to know how the business is faring....


Open Access

Rock Solid

by Creasy, Todd

The 6TOC improvement method employs elements of Six Sigma, lean and the theory of constraints (TOC) to zero in on process bottlenecks and eliminate waste and variation....


Whole New World

by Conklin, Joseph D.

Seasoned quality professionals rethink Deming’s 14 points for a new generation....


Expert Answers: December 2014

by Barnett, Andy; Ramu, Govind

Pharmaceutical standards ... Clarifying ISO notes...


Open Access

Career Corner: Square Pegs, Round Holes

by Harkins, Ray

How to cultivate the skills and qualifications employers want...


Open Access

Back to Basics: Know the Drill

by Sharma, Mohit

A tool to dig down to critical-to-quality factors....


Standards Outlook: Surprise Visit

by Schnoll, Les

Knowing how to effectively manage an unexpected regulatory audit or inspection and ensuring that your rights are clearly understood and protected will go a long way toward making the process less nerve-wracking....


Open Access

Quality in the First Person: Lasting Impression

by Howze, Yvonne Simmons

A tribute to one woman’s quality role model—her grandmother...


Open Access

Perspectives: U.S. Secretary of Quality?

by Weeden, Marcia M.

There is no denying that President Barack Obama and the U.S. Congress continue to receive low approval ratings. What causes this dissatisfaction depends on who you ask, who does the asking and what both sides are trying to achieve....


Open Access

Salary Survey 2014: Introduction. Making Cents of Dollars

by Hansen, Max Christian

The 2014 QP Salary Survey was sent out to 60,559 persons throughout the world. There were 7,618 individual responses, which translates into a response rate of 12.6%. Some responses were deleted from the data set because they were incomplete....


Open Access

Salary Survey 2014: Satisfaction Not Guaranteed?

by Hansen, Max Christian

Are you happy with your salary? When we asked that question in this year’s QP Salary Survey, 61% of respondents answered in the affirmative. Another 10.7% were neutral and noncommittal, while 28.3% said they were dissatisfied....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 1, Section 1. Salary by Job Title

by Hansen, Max Christian

The vast majority of the quality professionals who responded to QP’s annual salary survey are full-time employees of an organization other them themselves. We define full time as working an average of 36 hours or more per week....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 1, Section 2. Salary by U.S. Regions and Canadian Provinces

by Hansen, Max Christian

In the U.S. Pacific region—which is comprised of California, Oregon, Washington and Alaska—quality professionals are paid an average of $97,988, which is 10.9% higher than the average for the United States....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 1, Section 3. Salary by Number of Years of Experience in Quality Field

by Hansen, Max Christian

Year after year, the QP Salary Survey shows two things about its respondents: They tend to stay in the quality profession, and they reap rewards for having more and more experience....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 1, Section 4. Salary by ASQ and Exemplar Global Certification

by Hansen, Max Christian

In the United States and Canada, more than 20% of respondents to the QP Salary Survey said they hold ASQ’s certified quality auditor certification. Nearly as popular is the certified quality engineer certification, held by 19.2% of respondents....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 1, Section 5. Salary by Six Sigma Training

by Hansen, Max Christian

If any Six Sigma training is at all valuable—and it is—more Six Sigma training provides even more value. In the United States, those who have completed any level of Six Sigma training outearn those without Six Sigma by a hefty $17,033....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 1, Section 6. Salary by Number of Work Hours

by Hansen, Max Christian

Quality professionals in the United States tend to work long hours. They do this, it seems, because a longer week brings, on average, a fatter paycheck. In Canada, the stair-step pattern of more pay for more hours is less consistent....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 1, Section 7. Salary by Nonexempt vs. Exempt Status

by Hansen, Max Christian

Exempt quality professionals—those who are not paid for overtime—typically earn more than those who do. Exempt employees in the United States earn an average of $93,491 a year....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 1, Section 8. Salary by Number of Years in Current Position

by Hansen, Max Christian

Experience in the quality profession is a fairly good predictor of salary (see “Section 3. Salary by Number of Years of Experience in the Quality Field”), but the number of years a professional has been in his or her current position is not....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 1, Section 9. Salary by Number of Years in Current Position and in the Quality Field

by Hansen, Max Christian

As reported in section 8, there seems to be little correlation between the pay of quality professionals and the time they have been in their position within the same organization. This fact has shown itself year after year in the annual QP Salary Survey....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 1, Section 10. Salary by Number of Employees Overseen

by Hansen, Max Christian

In the United States and Canada, more than half of the quality professionals who responded to the QP Salary Survey oversee the work of other employees....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 1, Section 11. Salary by Division Size, Organization Size and Headquarters Location

by Hansen, Max Christian

Larger paychecks come from larger organizations, as the QP Salary Survey has shown each year. This correlation also holds true the size of the division the respondent is assigned within the organization....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 1, Section 12. Salary by Industry

by Hansen, Max Christian

Do you work for an organization that makes physical objects or one that provides services? If it’s a service organization, the QP Salary Survey shows that you probably make more money....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 1, Section 13. Salary by Geographic Location—U.S. and Canada

by Hansen, Max Christian

Section 2 of this report showed U.S. salaries by region as well as Canadian salaries by province. In this section, we zoom in on individual states in the United States and metropolitan areas in the United States and Canada....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 1, Section 14. Salary by Organization’s Quality Infrastructure

by Hansen, Max Christian

Each year, QP asks those professionals who are members of their organizations’ quality departments to share whether the size of their departments have been reduced, grown or stayed the same size during the past year....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 1, Section 15. Salary by Extent of Quality Responsibilities

by Hansen, Max Christian

Do you perform a mix of work that includes duties that relate to quality and others that don’t? If you do, you probably earn more than quality professionals whose work isn’t so mixed....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 1, Section 16. Salary by Highest Level of Education

by Hansen, Max Christian

Most of the quality professionals who respond to the QP Salary Survey have education beyond a two-year associate degree. Results show that 79% of respondents in the United States meet this description....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 1, Section 17. Salary by Highest Level of Education and Years of Experience in Quality

by Hansen, Max Christian

Quality professionals who combine formal education with experience in quality seem to give their employers the most value, and in turn, they receive commensurate rewards....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 1, Section 18. Salary by Exemplar Global Certification

by Hansen, Max Christian

Worldwide, 19.6% of the surveyed quality professionals have at least one Exemplar Global certification. This is up from last year’s tally of 14.2%. Canadian and U.S. respondents held 62 of the 72 certifications listed in the salary survey....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 1, Section 19. Salary by Gender and Age

by Hansen, Max Christian

In the United States, there continues to be an earnings gap between men and women. This gap is at its widest among quality professionals between 46 and 55 years of age. This is a difference of 13%....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 1, Section 20. Size of Raise and Additional Annual Payments

by Hansen, Max Christian

After reaching an all-time high in 2009, the percentage of North American quality professionals not expecting raises in salary has continued to drop, except for 2012. This year, as Figure 1 shows, the number dropped below 15%....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 2, Section 22. Base Earnings by Years of Experience

by Hansen, Max Christian

For quality professionals who work as employees of organizations, there’s an obvious reward for accruing years of experience in the quality profession, as section 3 demonstrates....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 2, Section 23. Base Earnings by Education and Training

by Hansen, Max Christian

The self-employed consultants who respond to the QP Salary Survey are, of course, a smaller group than the full-time regular workers. This year in the United States, 44 consultants reported working part-time, and there were 66 full-time consultants....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 3, Section 25. Introduction to International Results

by Hansen, Max Christian

Traditionally, the vast majority of the QP Salary Survey’s respondents live and work in North America. Last year, for example, more than 98% of survey responses came from the United States or Canada....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 3, Section 26. China Results

by Hansen, Max Christian

This was the first year in which the QP Salary Survey was translated into Chinese. Invitations to take the translated, targeted survey were emailed to 271 ASQ members. Of the 78 responses, 56 were complete and usable....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 3, Section 27. India Results

by Hansen, Max Christian

To encourage participation in the QP Salary Survey beyond North America, the number of questions in the targeted questionnaires to ASQ members in China, India and Mexico were pared down to make it easier to take the survey....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 3, Section 28. Mexico Results

by Hansen, Max Christian

Table 1, which provides employment status for respondents in Mexico, shows an unusual mix. Worldwide, 94.6% of QP Salary Survey respondents are full-time, regular employees. For respondents in China and India, results were similar....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 3, Section 29. Other International Results

by Hansen, Max Christian

We’ve reviewed salaries for quality professionals in North America, including Mexico, as well as China and India. Now it’s time to review data supplied from respondents in the 77 other countries represented in the 2014 QP Salary Survey results....


Salary Survey 2014: Part 4, Section 30. Culture of Quality—Expanded Results

by Hansen, Max Christian

The way an organization embraces quality affects how it manufactures products and serves customers. But can an organization’s culture of quality (or lack thereof) affect employee satisfaction—specifically, toward their jobs and salaries?...


Innovation Imperative: Pillars of Progress

by Merrill, Peter

A look at how global competitiveness relates to quality and innovation....


Open Access

One Good Idea: Full Circle

by Weeden, Marcia M.

Why you must systematically review and revise your standard operating procedures....


Open Access

Quality in the First Person: Slow Burn

by Smith, Scott

Despite twists and turns, a passion for quality never cooled....


Open Access

Standards Outlook: Catch My Draft

by Reid, R. Dan

Dissecting the ISO 9001:2015 draft international standard....


Expert Answers: November 2014

by Ramu, Govind; Aston, Bill

Evaluating repeatability ... Lead auditor qualification...


Statistics Roundtable: Timely Reliability Assessment

by Doganaksoy, Necip; Hahn, Gerald J.; Meeker, William Q.

Often, we must demonstrate long-term product or component reliability within a relatively short time window. For example, it is not uncommon to need to assess 10-year reliability from a six-month duration test program....


The System Is the Solution

by Schultz, John R.

Organizations function as systems—collections of interdependent processes, events and resources. Failure to embrace systems thinking can cause serious consequences for an organization....


Bank on It

by Monier-Vinard, Isabelle; Grant, Adrian

Credit Agricole Group's investment banking arm recently launched a lean Six Sigma initiative and identified its cash payments process as one area ripe for substantial improvement....


Open Access

Multipronged Approach

by Patil, Prashant Ramakant; Mishra, Nandkumar

In the last few decades, several improvement frameworks and practices have evolved to help organizations extinguish burning business issues. These frameworks and practices are not always enough when implemented alone....


Finding Harmony

by Kennedy, Bob

Creating a universally accepted definition of quality can help in achieving quality globally to make this the century of quality....


Open Access

Career Corner: The Pizza Paradigm

by Wrestler, Denise

Nothing fills training room seats faster than appetite appeal....


Expert Answers: October 2014

by Rico, David F.; Aston, Bill

Cost of quality of agile methods ... Employee qualification audits...


Take Care of Your 'Ugly Baby'

by Bush, Gwen

Identifying symptoms of a dysfunctional quality management system, understanding possible causes and implementing corrective actions can help organizations address their biggest problems....


Open Access

Quality in the First Person: Alternative Route

by Johnson, Stephen

An unexpected detour on the career path led probation agent to quality career....


Defining Your Role

by Russell, J.P.

With titles such as quality engineer, technician, auditor, quality manager, supply quality engineer, Black Belt and software quality engineer, quality professionals’ roles within organizations are generally invisible to those on the outside....


Statistics Roundtable: Divide and Conquer

by Anderson-Cook, Christine M.; Lu, Lu

In his best-selling book, Malcolm Gladwell presents examples in which benefits for many desirable attributes don’t follow the assumed ever-increasing pattern, but rather can be described by an “inverted U-shaped curve.”...


Open Access

Perspectives: Traversing a Data Jungle

by Vaidya, Jigish

The definition of data, simply put, is facts and statistics collected for reference or analysis. Even more important, however, is thinking about how to make data work for you....


Open Access

Career Corner: PR Savvy

by Lindborg, Henry

What quality professionals can learn from the public relations playbook....


Open Access

Back to Basics: Use Your Head

by Echeverria, Luis

Put what you learned during certification prep to work. Plan up front how you will use the knowledge you gained. Try applying the knowledge acquired during the study period....


Getting It Right the First Time

by Vashisht, Sagar; Kumar, Krishan; Gaba, Narender

A tier-one automotive shock absorber supplier faced dwindling productivity because of a high rework rate. It applied Shainin methods, including component search and paired comparison, to identify the cause, reduce rework and save money....


Strength in Numbers

by Clark, Peter

To refresh his résumé after a job loss, the author sought ASQ certifications because of their reputation for relevance and rigor....


Open Access

Step It Up

by Grigg, Alfred; Hirt, Michael; Laman, Scott A.; Marmon, Jerry; and McShane Vaughn, Mary

SITTING IS THE new smoking. The more you sit and stagnate, some doctors say, the poorer the outlook is on your health and even life expectancy—regardless of how fit you think you are....


Volviendo a Los Fundamentos: Utilice Su Cabeza

by Echeverria, Luis

Put what you learned during certification prep to work. Plan up front how you will use the knowledge you gained. Try applying the knowledge acquired during the study period....


Open Access

Standards Outlook: Missing in Action

by Dunmire, Thea

Many of those reviewing the current draft of the revisions to ISO 9001—Quality management systems—Requirements, and ISO 14001—Environmental management systems—Requirements, are asking, “Where have all the documents gone?”...


Open Access

Career Corner: Making the Jump

by ReVelle, Jack

Should you quit your day job and become a consultant?...


Open Access

Brought Into Focus

by Liebesman, Sandford

For the first time, the word “risk” is being incorporated into the new version of ISO 9001. Using risk-based thinking and tools such as risk analysis and risk control matrixes can enhance an organization’s risk management approach...


Expert Answers: September 2014

by QP Staff

Leadership, culture and quality ... Traceability in calibration validation...


Open Access

Innovation Imperative: Embracing Change

by Merrill, Peter

The revised ISO 9001 provides some great opportunities for innovators, but you must look carefully for those opportunities....


Measure for Measure: Measuring Proficiency

by Shah, Dilip

While proficiency is indirectly a result of the employees’ skills, training and other factors, proficiency testing assesses an individual laboratory’s measurement performance against the industry measurement performance....


Open Access

A New Look

by Palmes, Paul

There are a few basics any new or seasoned practitioner of ISO 9001 might want to consider as 2015 draws near....


Statitistics Roundtable: The Folly Youth

by Borror, Connie M.

When I began analyzing data for various companies and researchers a long time ago, I learned an extremely valuable lesson: When given data, be sure to ask lots of questions about it before any analysis....


Onward and Upward

by Thomas, Donna

Operational excellence has been a long-time focus for Xerox, the international document management corporation. Before joining Xerox, Affiliated Computer Services shared that same focus....


Which FMEA Mistakes Are You Making?

by Carlson, Carl S.

Focusing on achieving quality objectives and using an FMEA audit process will greatly enhance the FMEA effectiveness....


Open Access

Quality in the First Person: Road Warrior

by Coleman, Lance

Why conferences are your secret career weapon....


One Good Idea: Taoism and Statistics

by Rutherford, Scott

As quality practitioners become more experienced, they are often asked to develop performance measures for their processes. Understanding the Tao advances you on the road to thinking statistically....


Brought Into Focus - Liebesman - September 2014 - Online Figures

by Liebesman, Sandford

Templates to enhance your organization’s risk approach....


Open Access

Volviendo a los Fundamentos: Controles y Equilibrios

by Bautista Smith, Janet

Spanish translation of August 2014 Back to Basics column describing how to integrate organizational vision and strategy....


Open Access

Back to Basics: Checks and Balances

by Bautista Smith, Janet

A technique to sync organizational vision and strategies using the auditing beyond compliance approach....


Open Access

Perspectives: Restaurant Day

by Kachoui, David

To celebrate "Restaurant Week,” my daughter’s first-grade class recently turned its classroom into a restaurant for a day. Parents were the patrons. Students ran operations. Upon arrival, we were greeted by 6-year-old host with a white shirt and bowtie....


Open Access

Quality in the First Person: Against the Grain

by Marinelli, Allan

When this scientist introduced the concept of open door studies in the pharmaceutical industry, he was met with ageism....


Open Access

Career Corner: Career Compass

by Whitacre, Teresa

Use basic quality tools to avoid navigating professional development blindly....


Statistics Roundtable: What's Meant by 'Capability'?

by Hare, Lynne B.

Time and again, you hear the question: “Is this process capable?” “Of what?” I want to ask. It hasn’t learned any new moves since the Macarena, so I’m not sure. Very funny. But we really need to know whether it can produce product within specification....


Expert Answers: August 2014

by QP Staff

Achieving division quality ... Clarifying calibration...


Open Access

Clues About Culture

by Hankel, Amanda

When it comes to building a culture of quality, each organization must develop its own approach. It can be helpful, however, to learn what other organizations around the world are doing and to see how your organization compares....


Open Access

Standards Outlook: Managing the System

by West, John E. “Jack”; Cianfrani, Charles A.

There is an apparent difference in focus in the ISO 9001:2015 draft international standard. Clause 4 of the draft introduces what seems to be a new concept, “context of the organization.”...


Journey to Excellence

by Bailey, Dawn Marie

Baldrige executive fellows embarked on capstone projects to address challenges within their organizations. They integrated feedback from other executive fellows and Baldrige award recipients, and applied the Baldrige criteria to find a solution....


Open Access

The Ripple Effect

by Schmidt, Megan

The 2013 Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award recipients said their use of the Baldrige Criteria for Performance Excellence was their catalyst for achieving strategic goals and higher levels of quality....


Who Do You Trust?

by Hacker, Stephen K.

The world has been changing since the beginning, but many people don’t grasp that change is accelerating....


Open Access

Back to Basics Online Table 1: August 2014

by Bautista Smith, Janet

Online Table for "Checks and Balances," a technique to sync organizational vision and strategies....


Open Access

Back to Basics Online Figure 1: August 2014

by Bautista Smith, Janet

Figures for "Checks and Balances," a technique to sync organizational vision and strategies....


Open Access

One Good Idea July 2014 - Online Figure

by Goffnett, Sean

Template of an individual development plan....


Open Access

Blog Boom

by Calfa, Jimena; Graban, Mark; Hunter, John; Stepniowski, Jennifer J.; and Zrymiak, Daniel

Back in the late 1990s—well before 140-character Tweets, before Facebook posts and before LinkedIn discussions—there was the blog. Register at any number of blogging sites and you could set up your own personal or professional website....


Expert Answers: July 2014

by QP Staff

Building an effective QMS ... understanding medians...


Statistics Roundtable: Don’t Be Discrete

by Seaman, Julia E.; Allen, I. Elaine

When planning an analysis, the type and quality of data will have the biggest impact on the robustness and validity of the results....


Necessary Measures

by Johnson, Louis; Deaner, Maureen;

Learn the difference between standard and expanded gage repeatability and reproducibility (R&R) studies and how expanded gage R&R helps clarify measurement system variation....


Open Access

Career Corner: Opening Doors

by Conklin, Joseph

Career Corner columnist Joseph Conklin interviews a counselor at the Prince George’s One-Stop Career Center in Laurel, MD, during the second week of the October 2013 government shutdown to look into training and retraining programs for displaced workers....


Open Access

One Good Idea: Steer Your Career

by Goffnett, Sean

An individual development plan (IDP) focuses on developing a quality talent pool by allowing each individual to create a systematic strategy to improve skills and overall performance....


Open Access

Quality in the First Person: Return to Roots

by Glover, Mike

Exposed to the manufacturing industry at a young age, the author reflects on career exploration and his eventual role in quality at his family's business....


First Things First

by Arendall, C. Steven; Tiger, Andrew A.; Westbrook, Kevin W.;

Quality management literature has devoted considerable effort to the task of understanding and measuring process capability. Process capability is defined as the best distribution a process can produce given its present design at a given point in time....


Measure for Measure: Calculating Uncertainty

by Grachanen, Christopher L.

In metrological circles, there are many different statistics and figures of merit used to gauge the quality of measurement data....


Open Access

Making Connections

by Brown, Marshall

Whether you’re searching for a job or not, building a network of professional connections is important for career development....



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