Quality Costs & Pollution Prevention: A CPI Imperative

Article

Berglund, Ronald L.   (1991, ASQC)   Union Carbide Chemicals and Plastics Company, Inc. (UUC&P), South Charleston, WV

Annual Quality Congress, Milwaukee WI    Vol. 45    No. 0
QICID: 9710    May 1991    pp. 602-609
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Article Abstract

This abstract is an edited version of the author's original. Continuing publicity surrounding impending environmental concerns suggests that the problems resulting from the generation of "waste" have reached the public mainstream. One survey of ninety CEO's indicates that the environment is now their priority issue. Waste management has become a multibillion dollar activity. The public response to this concern is restriction on releases to the environment, new waste disposal sites, and interstate transport of waste. The long-term impact within the Chemical Process Industries (CPI) must be an emphasis on pollution prevention (PP) within the production unit."Pollution prevention" refers to programs that reduce waste at the production facility. Such programs include eliminating releases and waste generation at the source, recycling or reusing the waste, or treating the waste at the source to reduce volume and/or toxicity. A pollution prevention program may require new equipment, new process design, new process control, or changes in reactants or process conditions. The initial expense for such a program can be substantial, especially for existing operating facilities. While the costs associated with a rigorous PP activity can be optimized if the program is introduced when a new process is being developed, often, even then, such a program can be justified only when the Total Quality Costs associated with the waste management activity are considered.

Keywords

Chemical and process industries,Cost of quality (COQ),Environment,Air pollution,Process control,Union Carbide Chemicals and Plastics Company, Inc. (UUC&P),Waste


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