Screening Outliers in Normal Process Control Data with Uniform Residuals

Article

Quesenberry, Charles P.   (1986, ASQC)   North Carolina State University

Journal of Quality Technology    Vol. 18    No. 4
QICID: 5546    October 1986    pp. 226-233
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Article Abstract

The use of sequential uniform residuals is proposed to screen outliers in process control data. The exact distribution theory of these statistics allows a precise control of the number of observations incorrectly rejected when the process is in control and generated by a normal process distribution. It is also shown that the technique given here has attractive inference properties for detecting shifts in the process distribution mean. The power for detecting a mean shift of specified magnitude is given in terms of a noncentral Student t distribution function, and it is observed that a central Student t distribution gives a good approximation to this power for most cases of interest.

Keywords

Process control,Outliers,Screening,Statistics


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