Tye, John B. (1988, ASQC) Sverdrup Technology, Inc., Arnold Air Force Base, TN
Since the Consumer Product Safety Commission was established, mandatory Safety Standards have been considered by some to be the most effective instruments for reducing injuries to the American public. Mandatory Safety Standards have been promulgated under the Consumer Product Safety Act, Flammable Fabrics Act, Poison Prevention Packaging Act and the Hazardous Substance Act, all of which are under the jurisdiction of the Consumer Product Safety Commission. Among various efforts by industry to avoid the imposition of mandatory standards has been the creation of voluntary standards. Voluntary standards may be written under the auspices of trade organizations such as the Toy Manufacturers Association or professional societies such as ASTM. Some have been successful in reducing the frequency of specific injuries and overall injury rates, while others have been less than successful.
This paper traces the history of Safety Standards from the adoption of the Consumer Product Safety Act to the present. Methods of collection of data are reviewed. The basic steps in writing a standard are discussed and the attributes of the successful standard are examined. Implementation problems and the use of standards in product liability litigation are also addressed.
Product safety,Liability prevention