Multivariate Control Charts for Individual Observations


Tracy, Nola; Young, John; Mason, Robert   (1992, ASQC)   McNeese State University

Journal of Quality Technology    Vol. 24    No. 2
QICID: 11347    April 1992    pp. 88-95
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Article Abstract

When p correlated process characteristics are being measured simultaneously, often individual observations are initially collected. The process data are monitored and special causes of variation are identified in order to establish control and to obtain a "clean" reference sample to use as a basis in determining the control limits for future observations. One common method of construction multivariate control charts is based on Hotelling's T2 statistic. Currently, when a process is in the start-up stage and only individual observations are available, approximate F and chi-square distributions are used to construct the necessary multivariate control limits. These approximations are conservative in this situation. This article presents an exact method, based on the beta distribution, for constructing multivariate control limits at the start-up stage. An example from the chemical industry illustrates that this procedure is an improvement over the approximate techniques, especially when the number of subgroups is small.


Hotelling's T2 statistic,Multivariate quality control

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