Distributional and Inferential Properties of Process Capability Indices

Article

Pearn, W.L.; Kotz, Samuel; Johnson, Norman   (1992, ASQC)  

Journal of Quality Technology    Vol. 24    No. 4
QICID: 11339    October 1992    pp. 216-231
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Article Abstract

In this paper we survey and critically comment on some basic concepts and notions relevant to the methodology dealing with process capability indices (PCI's). The emphasis is on distributional and inferential aspects. The intent is to contribute to the understanding and interpretation of these indices, if one is (unfortunately) required to use them. We regard them primarily as indicators of the expected proportion of nonconforming items, and not as having some relationship to arbitrary loss functions, as is currently the more fashionable viewpoint. New PCI's, related to the expected proportion of nonconforming items, are suggested.

Keywords

Multivariate analysis,Statistics,Process capability (Cp),Loss functions,Values


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