Volume 6 · Issue 4 · April 2001
News from the IAQG Meeting in New Orleans
Revised AS9100 to Be Published in June 2001
Aerospace quality standards have entered the 21st century.
On March 22, 2001, at the first meeting of the General Assembly
of the International Aerospace Quality Group (IAQG), the IAQGs
leadership announced the "publication" of AS/EN/JIS
Q 9100:2001, Quality Management SystemsAerospaceRequirements,
which is expected to be available in June 2001. AS/EN/JIS
Q 9100:2001 will co-exist with AS/EN9100:1999, Quality
SystemsAerospaceModel for Quality Assurance in
Design, Development, Production, Installation and Servicing,
and will accomplish the alignment of aerospace-sector quality
management system (QMS) requirements with ISO 9001:2000. An
IAQG press release on the General Assembly meeting in New
Orleans is reprinted on page 18.
A working meeting of the IAQG was held March 20-21, 2001, at
which the IAQG membership reviewed the current status of several
IAQG and sector projects, including the completed final draft
of AS/EN/JIS Q 9100 that was ratified during the working meeting.
As noted by the changes to its title, not only does the revised
aerospace standard reflect the title of ISO 9001:2000,
Quality Management SystemRequirements, but it will
replace AS9100 in the Americas and European Norm (EN) 9100
in Europe and will also be adopted by the Japanese
Industrial Standards Committee (JISC) and published as Japanese
Industrial Standard (JIS) Q 9100.
JISC adoption of Q 9100 means that all Asia-Pacific aerospace
primes and their suppliers will recognize and most likely
use the aerospace QMS requirements standard. For instance,
JIS Q 9100 is being adopted by the Japanese Defense Agency
(JDA), according to Dale K. Gordon, Director-Quality and Business
Improvement, Rolls-Royce Corporation, Defense North America
unit. Gordon is the Americas Aerospace Quality Group (AAQG)
Chairman and leader of Americas writing team for AS/EN/JIS
Q 9100 and its predecessor.
Although the Society of Japanese Aerospace Companies (SJAC)
participated in the development of AS/EN9100:1999, the adoption
of JIS Q 9100 as a Japanese standard signifies the success
of efforts to expand the membership of and enhance the participation
in the IAQG by aerospace primes and suppliers in the Asia-Pacific
"IAQG completion of AS/EN/JIS Q 9100 means that harmonization
of aerospace QMS requirements amongst all the international
members of the IAQG has been accomplished, and a single set
of standards will be used in the aerospace sector globally,"
"The transition from AS9100:1999 to AS/EN/JIS Q 9100:2001
will coincide with the transition to ISO 9001:2000 for organizations
holding ISO 9001/2/3:1994 certificates of registration,"
advised Eugene Barker, a Boeing "Fellow" and former
leader in the AAQG, who now leads the IAQG writing team that
is aligning the AS9100 standard with ISO 9001:2000. The ISO
9001:2000 transition period will apply as well to organizations
registered to AS9000:1997.
The first meeting of IAQGs General Assembly and the
completion of the ISO 9001:2000-aligned revision of the aerospace
QMS conformance standard comes at a time when many aerospace
primes and major suppliers are increasingly establishing conformance
and/or registration requirements for their suppliers involving
AS/EN/JIS Q 9100.
As discussed below, the groundwork was only recently completed
to permit registration and to permit it globally.
Alignment With ISO 9001:2000 But No Major Changes
Until recently, the only aerospace sector-specific registration
scheme was in the Americas and involved registration to AS9000,
not AS9100 or EN9100. Only 54 organizations in Canada, Mexico
and the United States were reported to be registered to AS9000
as of November 2000, according to the World Preferred Registry.
It is likely that others have quality systems in conformance
with the requirements of AS9000 or AS9100, and these organizations
will need to make the transition to AS9100:2001.
First drafted by the AAQG and published by the Society of
Automotive Engineers (SAE) as AS9000 in 1997 and revised and
published in November 1999 by SAE as AS9100 and by AECMA as
EN9100, some in the aerospace supply chain have been wondering
if the latest revision might involve changes to the sector-specific
requirements. "There have been no substantial changes
to the aerospace-unique requirements," replied Gordon
when asked about the types of changes in AS/EN/JIS Q 9100.
"They have simply been reformatted to fit into the structure
of ISO 9001:2000. AS9100:1999 contained the verbatim text
of the quality system requirements section of ISO 9001:1994,
and 9100:2001 will contain Sections 4 to 8 of ISO 9001:2000,
which contain the QMS requirements. We expect publication
in June through SAE in the Americas, AECMA in Europe and SJAC
in Japan." [Editors Note: THE OUTLOOK will
refer to the standard as AS9100:2001 when discussing US usage.]
Gordon provided information about AAQGs progress in
developing two AS9000 supplemental registration standards
for specialized organizations, including:
- AS9110, Quality System Requirements for Aerospace
Maintenance & Repair Facilitiesthe AAQG expects
to complete work on the standard by the fourth quarter of
2001 (4Q01). AS9110 will be based on ISO 9001:2000, as is
AS9100:2001, and will be equivalent to EN9110, which the
AAQG "is catching up with". JISC and the Asia-Pacific
region have no plans at this time to introduce an equivalent
- AS9120, Quality System Requirements for Aerospace
Distributorsthe AAQG also expects to complete
and publish this standard by 4Q01. As with AS9110, it will
be based on ISO 9001:2000. The AAQG is presently attempting
to do two things with AS9120harmonize it with EN9120,
which already exists, and develop it so as to replace SAEs
AS7103. In addition, the JISC is planning to develop a JIS9120
that will likely be equivalent to the two other versions.
The following AS9000 guidance standards and documents are
- AS9101, A Common Checklist for AS9100:1999. Note:
It is in the process of being updated for use with AS9100:2001
- AS9102, Guidelines for the First Article Inspection
- AS9103, Guidelines for the Component Proving Process
(key characteristic control)
- Nonconformance documentationcommon forms for submittal
To obtain information about their prices and availability
or to order them, contact SAE by phone (724-772-8510) or visit
SAEs web site (www.sae.org).
Will Aerospace Registrations Take Off?
Demand for AS/EN9100 registration in the aerospace supply
chain has not existed until now for three reasons that have
now been addressed by the IAQG and its participants:
- AS/EN9100 was not aligned with ISO 9001:2000, even though
it was known when it was published in November 1999 that
ISO 9001 would be revised within a year. According to the
World Preferred Registry, as of November 2000 there were
518 North American registrations to ISO 9001/2:1994 within
the Aircraft and Aircraft Parts SIC (Standard Industrial
Classification) Code category, of which 54 also involved
AS9000 registrations (10.4%). The low North American registration
rates may be attributable in part to the desire to hold
down registration costs by waiting for both ISO 9001 and
AS9100 to be revised. Registration upgrades to ISO 9001:2000
by aerospace organizations worldwide are very likely to
involve implementation and registration to AS/EN/JIS Q 9100:2001,
which will accelerate the ISO 9001:2000 transition and registration
to the aerospace standard.
- Registration in the Americas was limited to AS9000the
USs National Accreditation Program (NAP), administered
by the Registrar Accreditation Board (RAB), was the only
one qualifying accredited QMS registrars as competent to
conduct AS9000 assessments and was not available at
all in the European Union (EU) and other parts of the world
where EN9100 is used. That is changing and registration
to the new standard should be available worldwide in the
near future. "The process for updating the US program
of accreditation and qualification to conduct AS9100 registrations
was completed in February 2001," explained Gordon,
who noted that as of April 16, 2001, there were 3 accredited
QMS registrars that have been qualified by the RAB and AAQG
to perform AS9100 registrations. "In the EU, an EN9100
process is already in place in the United Kingdom, and there
was work at the IAQG meeting in New Orleans to put a global
process in place, but we are not there yet. We expect most
of the work to be completed this year." The completion
of a worldwide registration scheme would permit suppliers
to register, particularly if they have facilities in multiple
countries and want to implement a corporate-wide QMS.
- Customer requirements for AS/EN9100 use by their suppliers
has, until recently, been muted and limited to conformance.
Gordon indicated that this is also changing. "At the
IAQG meeting in New Orleans, we determined that 54% of the
membership of the IAQG has made AS/EN9100 a requirement,
internally and externally." The IAQG has more than
40 members, including Airbus Industrie, Boeing Corporation,
Bombadier, British Aerospace Enterprise (BAE) Systems, Embraer
Aircraft (Brazil), Lockheed Martin and Rolls-Royce Corporation.
Thus, having more than half of the membership, which consists
of primes and major suppliers (e.g., GE Aircraft Engines),
establish requirements and deadlines for conformance and/or
registration is likely to lead to significant registrations
to AS/EN/JIS Q 9100 once it is possible for aerospace facilities
worldwide to obtain registration.
Lori Scheid, Manager of Registrar Accreditation at the RAB,
indicated that RAB has worked with the AAQG to complete the
qualification process for three registrars to permit them
to conduct AS9100 assessments: BVQI, Lloyds Register
Quality Assurance and National Quality Assurance USA. Qualification
involves QMS accreditation by the NAP and the meeting of aerospace
and AS9100 competency criteria established by the AAQG.
Gordon indicated that the IAQG believes that what it has
accomplished in the past few months will set the stage for
greater quality assurance among both primes and their suppliers.
AS9100:2001 and its EU and Japanese equivalents will increasingly
prevent nonconformances from occurring and promote variation
reduction in the supply chain, thereby reducing waste and
production and servicing costs, and refocusing attention on
improving the effectiveness of the QMS and the product itself.
The significant turnout of suppliers for the IAQG General
Assembly meeting indicates an interest in AS9100 and the work
of the IAQG as a whole. "Those invited suppliers that
attended the meeting agreed that the IAQG is the first time
that real progress has been made in getting the industry together
on common requirements," concluded Gordon. "It should
be supported to drive the industry forward."
THE OUTLOOK will provide additional information on
AS/EN/JIS Q 9100 once the editions are published.
Reprint of I.A.Q.G. News Release Dated March 29, 2001
Quality Is Top Priority at Recent Aerospace Industry
By all accounts, the first General Assembly meeting of the
International Aerospace Quality Group (I.A.Q.G.) was a big
success. Frank Paskiewicz, of the Federal Aviation Agency,
summed it up when he said, "The I.A.Q.G. can really make
a difference in improving quality issues throughout the supply
chain. I am giving it my full support."
Comprised of over 40 of the worlds leading aerospace
manufacturers, the I.A.Q.G. is a working group whose objectives
include the continuous improvement of safety and quality in
Aerospace products by:
- Establishing common aerospace industry quality standards,
requirements and practices.
- Establishing a process of continuous improvement throughout
the aerospace supplier base.
- Establishing methods to share the results of audits, inspections
and supplier performance metrics.
Attended by 190 representatives of aerospace suppliers from
the Americas, Asia and Europe, the purpose of the March 22nd
meeting in New Orleans was two-fold:
1) to communicate to the aerospace industry supplier base
on the activities of the I.A.Q.G. and,
2) to listen to their views on how we can jointly improve
quality and safety.
The I.A.Q.G. announced publication of a common quality system
standard for aerospace companies as well as common methods
for the conduct of first article inspections and variability
reduction programs for key characteristics. Following a lively
discussion, small group sessions were held to afford suppliers
an opportunity to express their views directly to I.A.Q.G.
representatives. The clear result was a common desire to reduce
redundant audits and continue to develop and implement commonality
The next I.A.Q.G. General Assembly is already being planned
for June 28, 2001 in Berlin and will be followed by a third
session in Kyoto, Japan, in March of 2002.
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