Integrating Statistical Process Control and Engineering Process Control

Journal of Quality Technology vol. 26 issue 2 - April 1994

Abstract: Statistical process control (SPC) is traditionally applied to processes that vary about a fixed mean, and where successive observations are viewed as statistically independent. Engineering process control (EPC) is usually applied to processes in which successive observations are related over time, and where the mean drifts dynamically. Thus, EPC seeks to minimize variability by transferring it from the output variable to a related process input (controllable) variable, while SPC seeks to reduce variability by detecting and eliminating assignable causes of variation. This paper shows through simulation that when using EPC it is always better to have an SPC system in place that monitors and acts properly on the root cause of the assignable change.

Keywords: Mean square errors (MSE) - Statistical process control (SPC) - Process control - Autoregression

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